The Spanish, led by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon, make first attempt at establishing a settlement in South Carolina on Winyah Bay, near what is now the city of Georgetown. This settlement is abandoned due to a severe winter and Indian attacks.
Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto crosses the Savannah River from the south in search of the village of Confitachiqui which archaeologist believe today is located on the Wateree River near Camden. When gold was not found he and his band made their way across the mountains by way of the French Broad and Tennessee Rivers.
A group of French Huguenots, led by Jean Ribaut, land and settle on Parris Island. Ribaut leaves the colonists and heads back to France. The settlers, feeling deserted, build a boat and sail for home.
The Spanish build Fort San Felipe on Parris Island and make a new settlement known as Santa Elena.
Native Americans attack Santa Elena and it is abandoned.
The Spanish return and build a mission known as a San Marcos not far from the former fort site. Spanish missions existed in South Carolina as far north as the South Edisto River until 1686.
Carolina Charter of 1663 granted by Charles II of England to the eight lords proprietors.
First permanent English settlement established at Albemarle Point, near Charleston.
The first rice was sent to the colony by the Lords Proprietors and may have been used as seed to begin rice cultivation in South Carolina which would truly prosper after the introduction of Madagascar rice in the 1680s.
Albemarle Point colony is moved to the site of present-day Charleston.
The colony of Carolina is divided into North and South Carolina.
Native Americans attempt a final revolt against settlers in Yemassee War, but fail.
South Carolina becomes a royal colony.
Eliza Lucas Pinckney perfects method of growing indigo equal to that grown in the West Indies, proving the young colony with a second major crop for export.
The backcountry was set ablaze when the Cherokee attacked settlers and burned settlements. The Cherokee War ended the following year when British regulars with support of militia quelled the fight.
The Regulator Movement pitted backcountry settlers against established Low Country representation in the Assembly and access to judicial system. The following year accomodations reached to increase representation and number of courts in backcountry.
On July 12, the initial overt act of the Revolution occurs at Fort Charlotte in McCormick County. This is the first British property seized by force by the American Revolution forces.
On June 28th, the first decisive victory of the Revolutionary War is won at Fort Moultrie on Sullivan's Island.
South Carolina declares its independence from England and adopts its first state constitution.
Battle of Kings Mountain (turning point of the Revolution).
Battle of Cowpens (turning point of the Revolution).
Columbia is selected as the site of the state capital.
On May 23rd, South Carolina becomes the 8th state to ratify the Constitution and enters the Union.
The state capital is moved to Columbia, and the first major state constitution is adopted.
A treaty with the Cherokees secured the northwestern corner of the state rounding out its present-day boundaries.
A slave revolt lead by a free black, Denmark Vesey, was uncovered. Vesey and other conspirators were captured, convicted and later hanged.
The Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolution, makes a triumphal tour of the state.
The first U.S. steam locomotive is built for railroad use and put into service in South Carolina.
The Ordinance of Nullification is passed declaring federal tariff acts to be null and void in South Carolina.
The Citadel, the state military college, is established in Charleston.
State's rights and nullification advocate, John C. Calhoun dies shortly after making his final speech in the US Senate in hopes of saving the Union.
Senator James Henry Hammond coins the phrase "Cotton is King" during a debate in the US Senate.
On December 20th, South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the Union. The Ordinance of Secession is passed in Charleston.
On April 12th, the first shots of the Civil War are fired by Confederate troops on
The attack on Fort Wagner on Morris Island in Charleston by the African American 54th Massachusetts regiment made famous in the movie "Glory" took place on July 18.
General William T. Sherman marches his troops through South Carolina burning the capital,
South Carolina is readmitted to the
Union. The second major state constitution is adopted, and a free public school system is established.
Benedict Institute was founded as a Baptist college in Columbia. It would be one of several institutions of higher learning established in the state for African Americans following the Civil War.
President Rutherford Hayes orders federal troops to withdraw from Columbia after having occupied the city for a decade. Former Confederate Cavalry General Wade Hampton III becomes governor.
The cotton mill industry begins rapid expansion.
Major earthquake strikes Charleston causing extensive damage to property and the loss of 92 lives.
Furman defeated by Wofford in state's first intercollegiate football game.
The legilature limits the number of hours of work in cotton or woolen mills to 64 per week or 11 per day.
Killer hurricane hits the state with exensive property damage and the loss of over 1,000 lives.
The Interstate and West Indies Exposition is held in Charleston through May 1902.
Electrocution replaces hanging as the means of state executions.
Sumter adopts the nations first city-manager type of government.
The first boll weevil discovered in the state. This small insect was to devastate the cotton crop and lead to the redefining of agriculture in the state.
Women vote for the first time in the state after the adoption of the 19th amendment. SC did not ratify until 1969.
Scarlet Sister Mary wins Pulitzer Prize for Julia Peterkin.
Charleston City Council passes the nation's first historic preservation ordinance.
The palmetto is officially adopted as the state tree.
Camp Jackson reactivated and becomes a permanent army post as Fort Jackson.
"Dixiecrats," dissident southern Democrats, meet in Birmingham and nominate Strom Thurmond as the presidential candidate for the States' Rights Party.
Savannah River Plant of the Atomic Energy Commission is built near Aiken.
The legislature passes "Right to Work" legislation outlawing closed shops.
The first modern civil rights demonstration in state held at Greenville airport.
Integration of public schools begins in South Carolina.
Charles Townes from Greenville awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
South Carolina celebrates its Tri-Centennial (300th) anniversary.
Record snowfall with heaviest in central part of the state with 24 inches.
Congaree Swamp National Monument created by Congress and in 2003 becomes state's first National Park.
George Rogers, University of South Carolina football player, wins Heisman Trophy.
Hurricane Hugo devastates the South Carolina coast and the city of Charleston, claiming 13 lives and causing $3.7 billion in damage.
BMW announces it will build its first automobile factory outside Germany in Greenville County.
Confederate flag removed from atop the State House and placed on the grounds next to the Confederate Monument.
Senator Strom Thurmond ends his career in the US Senate as the oldest senator at age 100 and at the time the longest served at 48 years. Thurmond dies this year and is buried in Edgefield.